Mt. Ryouzen (霊仙山)

Mt. Ryouzen (pronounced in Japanese as ‘ryouzen zan’), is a spectacular peak located on the eastern shores of Lake Biwa, across the valley from Mt. Ibuki. Despite being only 1000m in height, the mountain is known throughout Japan for its stunning collection of alpine flowers and jaw-dropping panoramic views.


Warning: The leeches on Ryouzen are brutal, so you should definitely avoid hiking during the rainy season and most of the summer. Perhaps this one is best left for an autumn or spring hike.

The hike: From Samegai station, head out the front door and walk straight for about 20 meters, where a street will branch off diagonally towards the right. You’ll pass a small grocery store on your left side, which is a good place to pick up supplies. Continue walking on the paved road for about 3km or so, following the signs towards the trout farm (養鱒場). It’s an easy, flat walk that should take about 30 minutes or so. Just after passing the bus stop at Kaminyuu (上丹生), the road will curve towards the right, crossing a bridge over the river. Instead of crossing the bridge, turn left and follow a small paved road next to the river, following the sign that says 霊仙登山道. The water is really clean and you’ll find lots of bridges crossing over to houses on your right. Continue walking straight another 1/2 km or so until reaching what appears to be a water treatment plant. Turn right on the forest road just in front of the facility and follow the road to its terminus, where you’ll find the trailhead. The trail starts off gentle, and soon follows a huge dry riverbed. There may be water flowing during the rainy season, but it was bone-dry during my hike in late March. Follow the paint marks on the rocks and the red tape on the trees. After about 20 minutes or so, you’ll see a huge gully coming in from the right, as well as your first signs of running water. This place is called Ichi-no-tani (一の谷). There’s an alternate trail that climbs the gully to the right, but you’ll want to continue hiking straight, along the river. The path will meander through the river, but there’ll be plenty of places to cross if it hasn’t rained lately. Continue past the area marked ni-no-tani (二の谷) and after a short time, the path will start climbing on your right, away from the river. Don’t worry – you haven’t made a wrong turn, as the steep path will rejoin the river a little further along. Soon you’ll reach a trail junction. If the river is swollen, then take the path to the right. Otherwise, take the signpost marked うるしが滝. You’ll immediately pass under a huge boulder, and then follow the river for another 10 minutes or so until arriving at the base of the falls. Drop your pack at the junction, and cross the river towards the left and you can actually go to the base of the falls. This is one of the more impressive waterfalls in the Kansai area, and in old times mountain priests used to pray under its waters. Retrace your steps back to the junction, and take the trail marked 頂上. The path will climb up and over the falls, following the river for a few hundred meters before branching off towards a gully on your right. The trail will become much steeper now, but there are plenty of ropes tied into the mountain to assist you on the ascent. If it’s been raining then the trail will become one ugly, muddy mess, so consider bringing gaiters. There are lots of red tape marks tied to the trees, so it’s easy to find your way. After about 20 minutes, you’ll reach yet another trail junction. Don’t turn right, as it’ll take you back down the mountain. The signpost has 頂上 pointed towards the left, but the actual trail is straight ahead, so don’t get confused. The trail will branch off to the right, following another small gully before popping out on the ridgeline. Turn right once you reach the junction, and you’ll start climbing through bamboo grass. The views will start to open up significantly, as you’ll rise above the tree line. Mt. Ibuki will be on your right, with Hakusan rising just to the right of it. Behind you, you’ll see Ondake, Mt. Norikura, the Chuo Alps, Yatsugatake, and the Minami Alps (if it’s a clear day). Keep climbing straight ahead, where you’ll reach an emergency hut in about 10 minutes. The hut is unstaffed and free to stay in, but there’s no water source or toilets. Continue climbing on the well worn path towards the first rocky peak directly in front of you. At the summit, there’s a trail branching off to your right, but ignore it and continue straight, towards the top. You’ll descent to a huge col and climb up the other side. Once on top, ignore a trail on the left that heads to the high point (最高点) and head to the summit, where the views towards lake Biwa are superb. Retrace your steps back to the junction and turn right to head to the high point. From here, you’ve got a few options, but the best would be to continue on the same trail towards Sasa-touge (笹峠), which will take about an hour to reach. Another 30 minutes beyond that, you’ll descend to a river and junction. Turn right and make your way along the river to Asefuki-touge (汗拭き峠) and down to the parking lot at Kura-ga-hata (榑ヶ畑). You can try hitchhiking from here, or you can walk down the road for about an hour before reaching the bus stop at the trout farm. All in all, the entire loop should take anywhere from 6 to 8 hours, so be sure to get an early start.

When to go: This hike can be done year round, but you’ll want to be prepared for winter climbing conditions between December and April. The busiest times are during the summer months when the alpine flowers are in bloom. Beware of leeches in the summer.

Access: From Kyoto (京都) station, take the JR Shin-kaisoku (新快速) on the Tokaido line bound for either Maibara (米原) or Nagahama (長浜) and get off at Maibara. Change to either a local or kaisoku train bound for either Ogaki or Toyohashi and get off at Samegai (醒ケ井) station, which is only one stop from Maibara.

Map: Click here and download the two pdf files in the middle of the homepage. One is a color map, while the other is black & white. While they don’t offer a lot of detail, I was able to use them as is to successfully navigate around the peak.

Level of difficulty: 3 out of 5 (elevation change ~900m)

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11 Comments on “Mt. Ryouzen (霊仙山)”

  1. Linda Says:

    Hi there,

    2 of us did the Mt Ryouzen hike 3 days ago, following your instructions like a bible. It worked great, although we had 2 ocassions of nearly taking the wrong path & having to detour! We didn’t anticipate it to be that tough!

    Pardon us for asking but are you a western guy with long legs as we want to gauge the distance & timing by your description ;-)

    Btw, there wasn’t a single soul (Except snakes, deers, & maybe a bear) when we climbed, so there was no one to ask.Your instructions was all the more very precious.

    PS: the dry-bone river bed is still extremely dry.


  2. wesu Says:

    hey Linda! Thanks so much for the words of support and helpful comments.

    Sorry if I made the hike out to be an easy stroll. There’s quite a bit of elevation change (almost 1000m) which will take the wind out of your sails if you’re not prepared for it.

    I can understand how easy it would be to take a wrong path – I nearly did it myself. I’m assuming you’re referring to the sections above the waterfall where a couple of trails branch off towards the right.

    My legs aren’t really all that long, but I do have 2 decades of hiking experience under my belt, and have climbed all of the Hyakumeizan (100 mountains of Japan). I think my pace is pretty quick, though. I was walking through quite a bit of snow when I did this hike and had to keep moving to stay warm!

    That’s great that you didn’t meet a single soul. It’s a great mountain that deserves a bit more respect: most people flock to nearby Mt. Ibuki, but Ryouzen is far more enjoyable in my book.

    • Linda Says:

      Hello wesu,

      It’s great to hear from you! We have left Japan & are back to leading ‘normal’ lives, but missing the hike up Mt Ryouzen!

      Yes, we took the wrong trail at the junction where the trail either continued up the waterfall or branched out right. And believe it or not, we actually took the wrong path while at the summit & nearly missed the downward trail on the right side.

      Oh, you’re a very experienced hiker! Hey, would you be kind enough to recommend me another mountain in Japan that is similiar in standards with Mt Ryouzen? I would love to head back to Japan for another such holiday!

  3. Grant Says:

    Hey wess,

    I’m thinking about doing this with a small group this weekend. We are planning on geting to the trail head sometime in the afternoon and would like to camp somewhere midpoint. Would you suggest camping at the lodge or somewhere closer to the peak or after the peak? THanks.

    • wesu Says:

      Hey Grant. Thanks for checking out the site.

      If you get to the trailhead at a reasonable time, then you can certainly make it to the emergency hut. There’s a lot of open area in which to pitch a tent, but I’m not sure how flat it is. If all else fails you can sleep in the hut for free.

      If you’re getting a later start then you might not make it up before dark (it’s getting dark around 5pm nowadays) There aren’t too many flat spots unless you want to try camping in the dry riverbed. Be careful of bears this time of year as well, as the area is home to a few.

      Let me know how things turn out.


      • Grant Says:

        Turned out to be a great hike. I think we saw every animal except a bear. Kind of was excited to see one. Descent day was threatening to rain so we came down in the morning. Could see how the trail could be a real nightmare in a downpour. Caught a few trout in the creek also! Great little town on the way up too.

  4. Ken Says:

    Spectacular panoramic of breath-taking autumn colors. This was a great day hike, but I wish I had gaiters — the trail was a muddy, mucky mess in some places. Thanks for posting all these great hikes… I am hoping to complete all the Kansai treks!

  5. Woosik Choe Says:

    Hi, there.

    I’m planning to take some hikes in Kansai on Feb. 2011.

    Are there a lot of snows on Mt. Ryouzen??

    • wes Says:

      Snowfall in February varies from year to year. There could be anywhere from several inches to several meters. Usually the winters in Kansai aren’t too bad compared to mountains further north, but be prepared for really cold and humid conditions.

  6. This hike is currently not accessible. I went over the weekend and the trail is closed. After ignoring the signs and continuing further up the closed trail it is easy to see that there is quite a lot of damage to the trail. There has been many land slides and the trail has not been fixed or maintained…

    • wes Says:

      Thanks for the update. Most hikers seem to go by car and approach from the other side of the mountain.

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